Who Is Our Savior?




 BethYah.org | Empowering the People with the Truth for Deliverance

Who is Our Savior

Here we will look at who is Our real Savior.

Isa 43:3 For I am YHWH thy Elohim, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee.

Isa 43:10 Ye are my witnesses, saith YHWH, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no El formed, neither shall there be after me.

Isa 43:11 I, even I, am Yahweh; and besides me there is no savior.

We need to know the truth of Who is our Savior. We also need to know the truth of the word that we use to call our Heavenly Abba. Here is just a list of a few words that folks use and do not know the meaning of what they are saying.

Here is just some of the words that church folk use and do not even know what they are saying.

Let us look at these words and see what they really mean.

The word g.o.d comes from the word (gaw, gad,)  here is the meanings of the word g.o.d.

Gad (gawd);  Noun Masculine, Strong #: 1409


  1. fortune, good fortune

KJV Word Usage and Count





Gad (gad);  Proper Name Masculine, Strong #: 1408

Gad = "god of fortune"

  1. a Babylonian deity


Gad is a Syrian or Canaanite deity of good luck or fortune. In Hebrew, it is written GD, but with Massoretic vowel-pointing, it gives us "Gad." Other Scriptural references to a similar deity, also written GD, have a vowel-pointing giving us "Gawd" or "God." Gad is identified with Jupiter, the Sky-deity or the Sun-deity.

The word "God (or god)" is a title, translating the Hebrew Elohim (or elohim), El (or el), and Eloah. However, it is often used as a substitute for the Tetragrammaton (YHVH).

According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, GOD is the common Teutonic word for a personal object of religious worship, applied to all the superhuman beings of the heathen mythologies. The word "god" on the conversion of the Teutonic races to Christianity was adopted as the name of the One Supreme Being. Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics and Webster's Twentieth Century Dictionary, Unabridged agree that the origin is Teutonic paganism.

In Indo-Germanic dictionaries, only one word resembles "god." It is ghodh and is pronounced the same. This word means union, also sexual union or mating. According to Luneburger Wörterbuch, the following are the same word: Gott, got, gode, gade, god and guth (gud).




The word L-rd

L-rd also mean Baal

The Lord is a name referring to God, mainly by the Abrahamic religionsJudaism, Islam, and Christianity). In the Pagan religion Wicca, God is also referred to as The Lord. (


Main Entry:


Pronunciation: \(ˈ)ä-ˈmen, (ˈ)ā-; ˈä- when sung\

Function: interjection

Etymology: Middle English, from Old English, from Late Latin, from Greek amēn, from Hebrew āmēn

Date: before 12th century



The title "lord" is applied to all heathen deities, if the word "god" is not used for them. In most cases "lord" and "god" are used interchangeably for pagan idols.

There was an Etruscan house deity whose name was Lar, which signified "Lord." It was also known as Larth, who later on became very popular in Rome and became known as Lares (plural) because as idol statues they were usually in pairs. The Greek equivalent of this name was Heros, which was another name for Zeus. A feminine form was known as Lara, who was the beloved of the god Mercury.

Lar and Larth mean Lord. The letters "th" and "d" were virtually interchangeably used, in various nations. It was also common to find "o" and "a" interchangeably used in Old and Middle English. The word "Lord" can also be traced back to Loride, a surname for the Teutonic god Thor, and to Lordo, another deity.

Instead of "Lord," the word "Master," an exact rendering of the Hebrew Adonai and the Greek Kurios, can be used.


KJV - Lord

ISR - Master




The Hebrew of the Old Testament reveals to us that the Scriptural Hebrew word (which means: so be it, or verily, or surely) is "Amein" and not "Amen." Likewise, the Greek equivalent in the Greek New Testament is pronounced: "Amein." The Egyptians, including the Alexandrians, had been worshiping, or been acquainted with, the head of the Egyptian pantheon, Amen-Ra, the great sun-deity, for more than one thousand years B.C. Before he was known as Amen-Ra, he was known as Amen among the Thebans.

According to Funk and Wagnall's Standard College Dictionary, AMEN was the god of life and procreation in Egyptian mythology, and later identified with the Sun-god as the supreme deity and called "Amen-Ra." Smith's Bible Dictionary and Egyptian Belief and Modern Thought agree.

Our Saviour Yahushua calls Himself "the Amein" in Revelation 3:14. One might ask: Have we been misled to invoke the name of the Egyptian sun-deity at the end of our prayers?


KJV - Amen

ISR - Amên (pronounced Ah-mein)



The original name of our Saviour was not Jesus or Iesous, but Yahshua. In our Saviour's word, His Father's Name was given to Him. The Father's Name is Yahweh.

Two factors contributed greatly to the substitution and the distortion of our Saviour's Name. The first was the superstitious teaching of the Jews that the Father's Name is not to be uttered and that the Name must be "disguised" outside of the temple of Jerusalem. The second factor was the strong anti-Judaism feeling that prevailed amongst the Gentiles. They wanted a saviour, but not a Jewish one.

According to Wörterbuch der Antike, the substitute name can be traced back to the Latin Iesus and the Greek Iesous. Then, it can be traced back to an adaptation of the name of the Greek healing goddess Ieso. The Greek-English Lexicon of Liddell and Scott, confirm this. To Greeks who venerated a healing goddess Ieso, a saviour Iesous must have been most acceptable, suggests a writer in Philologische Wochenschrift. In spite of attempts to justify the "translating" of the Father's Name and His Son's Name, it cannot be done. A person's name remains the same in all languages.

The father of the Greek goddess Ieso was Asclepius, the deity of healing. The father of Asclepius was Apollo, the great sun-deity. Thus, the name Iesous can be traced back to sun-worship. There is also a relationship to the Egyptian goddess Isis and her son Isu. According to Reallexikon der Agpyptischen Religionsgeschichte, the name of Isis appears in hieroglyphic inscriptions as ESU or ES. Isu and Esu sound exactly like "Jesu" that the Saviour is called in the translated Scriptures of many languages.

Esus was a Gallic deity comparable to the Scandanavian Odin. The Greek abbreviation for Iesous is IHS, which is found on many inscriptions made by the Church during the middle Ages. IHS was the mystery name of Bacchus (Tammuz), another sun-deity. These are a few examples only.


KJV - Jesus (Son of Zeus)

ISR - Yahshua (Yah-Saves)



The Greeks used both the word Messias (a transliteration) and Christos (a translation) for the Hebrew Mashiach (Anointed). The word Christos was far more acceptable to the pagans who were worshiping Chreston and Chrestos.

According to The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, the word Christos was easily confused with the common Greek proper name Chrestos, meaning "good." According to a French theological dictionary, it is absolutely beyond doubt that Christus and Chrestus, and Christiani and Chrestiani were used indifferently by the profane and Christian authors of the first two centuries A.D. The word Christianos is a Latinism, being contributed neither by the Jews nor by the Christians themselves. The word was introduced from one of three origins: the Roman police, the Roman populace, or an unspecified pagan origin. Its infrequent use in the New Testament suggests a pagan origin.

According to Realencyclopaedie, the inscription Chrestos is to be seen on a Mithras relief in the Vatican. According to Christianity and Mythology, Osiris, the sun-deity of Egypt, was reverenced as Chrestos. In the Synagogue of the Marcionites on Mount Hermon, built in the third century A.D., the Messiah's title is spelled Chrestos. According to Tertullian and Lactantius, the common people usually called Christ Chrestos.


KJV - Christ

ISR - Messiah


This is the word used in most English versions as a rendering of the Greek "ekklesia." The Greek word means "a calling out," "a meeting," or "a gathering." Ekklesia is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew qahal, which means an assembly or a congregation.

The origin of the word "church" is kuriakon or kyriakon in Greek. The meaning is a building (the house of Kurios, or Lord).

Dictionaries give the origin of "church" as the Anglo-Saxon root, circe. Circe was the goddess-daughter of Helios, the sun-deity. The word circe is related to "circus," "circle," "circuit," and "circulate."

Circe was originally a Greek goddess whose name was written and pronounced as Kirke. The word "church" is known in Scotland as kirk, in Germany as Kirche, and in Netherlands as kerk.


I Pray that this teaching will be a blessing to you.

Thank you

J. Allen Pennington

Senior Pastor

BethYah Ministries

Jesus Name - The Mask of Tammuz

Jesus Name - The Mask of Tammuz

Acts 4:12 states that there is no other name given whereby we must be saved. Some versions today of the New Testament give the name ‘Jesus’ as being the name of Salvation, while others state it is Yashua. Old Testament scriptures say YHWH is the Savior and none other. Since Revelation 14:1; 9:4 and 7:3 all reveal that believers will have the Father’s name in their forehead, the former versions contradict each other. If there is only one name given, the scriptures must agree so as to discern the truth. These names must be tested and researched to prove or disprove their authenticity. YHWH has already been scrutinized (see ‘Halleluyah’ publication) and found to stand, so what are the origins of the other names we’ve mistakenly been given by translators.

We know from early manuscripts of the New Testament that the name ‘Jesus’ was not the chosen name of the Messiah. This is backed up by Old Testament scriptures and discrepancies in Greek New Testament writings. Never once in all the books before the Messiah came was there a ‘Jesus’ prophesied to come in the flesh. On the contrary, they state that the covenant God whom the Hebrews worshipped (mentioned over 6,800 times) would become flesh and dwell among them ( Jn. 1:14; Phil. 2:6-8). The Messiah said, “I am come in my Father’s name and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.” John 5:43. What is behind this name people have received instead of the true name?

The research begins by looking up the name ‘Jesus’. All concordances and dictionaries list it to be a Greek version of Joshua, pronounced originally as Yahoshuwa, then refers the reader to Jeshu (3442). Hebrew sometimes is transliterated into English in different ways. The Holmans Dictionary lists Joshua, Jeush and Jeshu as All being translated into ‘Jesus’, which accounts for having the name ‘Jesus’ for Joshua in Hebrews 4:8 and Acts 7:45, KJV. To understand why all the names relate to Jeshu, it’s important now to look at how scroll writing practices were influenced around the time of the Messiah.

Many early copies of the New Testament abbreviate sacred words. Abbreviations of these words were formed by writing the first and last letters and placing a line over them. Using our English to illustrate, God would appear as GD and Lord would appear as LD. The attempt to differentiate and dignify the sacred name of God goes back to pre-messianic times, first done by Jews.

From the Dead Sea Scrolls we know that Jewish scribes often distinguished the name YHWH, (YHWH is known as the tetragrammaton and is recognized in every place where ‘LORD’ or ‘GOD’ has been substituted). Frequently, the scribes who wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls would write the Tetragrammaton in old Paleo-Hebrew script, although the scroll was otherwise written in square Aramaic script. An example is the Habakkuk commentary found in cave one, which uses the tetragrammaton only in Biblical quotations. Whenever reference is made to God in the commentary portion, the generic word ‘El’ (God) is used. This is true in other Qumran (Dead Sea Scroll) documents as well.

The Qumran covenanters had other crafty devices for circumventing the use of God’s name. Sometimes they would write four or five dots in place of the Tetragrammaton. In their Community Rule for example, the writer quotes Isaiah 40:3 as follows: “Prepare in the wilderness the way of . . . .”. We know from the Mesoretic text that the four dots stand for the Tetragrammaton, YHWH. This same passage is quoted again in a document discovered in Qumran cave four (4 Q Tanhumim) with four dots representing the divine name. At times, dots were placed above the Tetragrammaton when it had been written by mistake, apparently as a means of canceling the word without actually erasing it or giving it the appearance of being a different word altogether.

The people in the Qumran community were Jews, belonging to the Essene group, one of four major Jewish religious movements described by the first century A.D. Historian, Josephus. They lived apart from other Jews in a strictly disciplined group and copied and composed the writings mostly around the time of the Messiah. You have to wonder what influenced this small community of Jewish people to disguise YHWH’s name in this way. If they lived secluded, who were they hiding the name from? Perhaps a look at the Sanhedrin law will shed light on this question and the beginning of the plot to cover up the Messiah’s name.

The Sanhedrin Council was the highest Jewish council in the first century. It had authority over the Jews and was made up of Pharisees and Sadducees, two of the major religious sects. The word Sanhedrin is usually brought into the English translation as ‘council’, and is presided over by the high priest. At times, the words ‘chief priests’ refer to the action of the Sanhedrin, though the name of the council itself is not used. Keep in mind, this is the same council who accused the Savior of blasphemy. This accusation stemmed from a Sanhedrin law; Mishna Sanhedrin VII, 5. It reads: ‘The blasphemer only incurs guilt if he utters the secret name of God..when this sentence is pronounced.. the judges arise and rend their garments and never again sew up the torn parts’. In order for them to accuse the Messiah, He had to proclaim to be YHWH (their God) and to speak the name (their rendition of misuse or blasphemy). In Mark 14:63, the high priest rent his clothing according to this law. Stephen was stoned for mention of YHWH being the Messiah and the council persecuted Peter and John demanding they not continue in this name. Perhaps fear of the great number of followers such a short time after Pentacost persuaded the religious leaders to refrain from sentencing them. The noted miracle performed at the gate of the temple was influential in this decision as well ( Acts 4). Remember, some of the elders believed, but would not confess ( John 12:42).

Another Sanhedrin law, and yet the most significant, is that of a later origin than the last mention. A law was established concerning the blotting out of YHWH’s name. With more miracles and conversions attributed to the doctrine of the apostles, the angry and jealous rulers of the council put into effect their law which read ‘..may his name and memory be blotted out.’ This coincides with Galatians 3:13, “..cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree.” Part of being cursed involved the loss of their land and belongings. Sometimes their whole family was destroyed so their name would be wiped off the earth (blotted out). It was unlawful to speak the name of the cursed person so that even the memory of the person was quickly blotted out.

Since the Semitic languages have the ability to convey abundant meaning through very few words, only three words are needed to write the entire law (curse) mentioned above. The Hebrew reads right to left and appears:

In English, it reads Yimmach Shmo W’zikro.

It was common place then (illustrated by the Qumran scrolls and many texts), as it is today, to use abbreviations (or an acrostic) for a sentence or phrase. An acrostic is a series of lines, usually the first in each line, to form a name or message. Examples of acrostics are ‘24-7’, being 24 hours, 7 days a week or NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The acrostic for the curse would be:

                                          Y   SH   W.  Hebrew had no vowels, so they are 
implied when pronouncing the word.  The outcome is YeSHuW (remember Jeshu).

Though the true believers were not afraid to use the name of YHWH when speaking of the Messiah, the rest of Israel appeared to use the acrostic Yashuw, in keeping with the law. By not refering to the man claiming to be YHWH, they helped to blot His name out. The scribes, as was required by law, changed the name in secular and sacred writings so that no account in history remained. This would imply that the man YHWH, Messiah,

became a curse and was referred to as Yashuw. Several references confirm that the name Jeshu (Yeshu) is used in Jewish literature only of persons who were despised for one reason or another. They are referred to simply as ‘cursed’! It is an acrostic that everyone at the time understood. This law would explaine the intertwined uses of the name Joshua and Jesus in Acts 7:45 and Heb. 4:8 (KJV, NIV). The Strongs Concordance and Holman’s Dictionary both give reference to this as being one of the origins of the name ‘Jesus’.

Moving from the Hebrew culture to Greek, look at the structure of the language. Greek is a more highly inflected (look this word up) language than English. The stems, or roots of words are modified (altered) by addition of prefixes, by the changing of the ending of words and by the insertion of a letter or letters in the midst of words. Once the Jews came under Greek influence, there is noted this tendency to replace or translate Jewish names to similar sounding Greek names, thus giving the Jewish names more characteristics of the Greek culture. The formation of (IESOUS) pronounced Yesus, for (YSHW) is centuries older than the Christian period. IESO (without the popular Greek ending ‘us’ added to most masculine names) is the male form of IASO, the goddess of ‘salvation’! Sound familiar? IESO is pronounced Yesu (like Yeshu) except without the ‘h’ since the Greek language has no ‘h’ sound in its alphabet. The ‘I’ is equivalent to the Hebrew letter called Yod, both sharing the ‘y’ sound as in yell. Early Christianity simply adopts the current Greek form of the Hebrew names quite naturally, after the manner of small Hellenizing groups. This practice is found twice in the records of Apollonopolis Magna and twice in the LXX translations where other manuscripts use Hebrew.

In fact, many Hebrew names were changed by adding the ‘us’ ending as a sign of adopting the Greek culture. Even the famous Jewish historian originally known as Joseph became Flavious Josephus after accepting Roman citizenship. The KJ Edition translation in 1611 listed the pagan god IESO with the common ‘us’ ending as the Saviors name. It did not even have the name ‘Jesus’ in it!

The letter ‘J’, according to Marriam Webster did not exist until after the mid 1600’s. It is derived from the Greek ‘I’ and the Hebrew ‘Y’. The tail added to the ‘I’ was done first for decoration purposes at the beginning of sentences but still not pronounced as the ‘J’ is now. Later, after the invention of the printing press, the letter ‘J’ gradually aquired its own sound through French influence. The name ‘Jesus’, instead of IESUS, arrived on the scene in more recently printed, revised editions of the KJ Bible.

Other events influenced the formation of this pagan name as well. The IES (from IESO), a name or title for the Roman god Bakkhos (Baccus), ‘the living one’, is translated to IHS in Latin. The Greek, unlike the English alphabet uses the symbol ‘H’ to represent the long vowel ‘E’ sound, as in me, turning IES into IHS. The three letters IHS were used as initials for IESOUS, later written ‘JESUS’.

In Latin manuscripts of the fourth centuries, the letters IHS were retained for the Messianic name. Medieval Latin texts, 700-1500 AD, have commonly inc or ihs for Iesus, Iesu or Jesus. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, these abbreviations were in later times often erroneously expanded as Ihesus. Most religious and secular encyclopedias and dictionaries state that Baccus was, in Roman mythology, the son of Jupiter. To the Greeks, he was known as Dionysus, the god of fertility, the son of Zeus. His worshippers tore apart a live animal, ate his flesh and drank his blood. Participants believed they were taking part in Dionysus’ (a.k.a. Baccus’) blood and body. He was said to have healed the sick, done miracles, turned water left at his temple into wine and walked on water to rescue his believers. Being the winterborn child, he was concealed from evil powers seeking his life. At the winter equinox, Christmas, his devotees carried a babe in procession like the Roman Catholics at Bethlehem do today. He died, visited Hades and rose again. It is not remarkable then that his Greek symbols IHS or IES came to be applied to the Messiah.

The IHS, a monogram for the name ‘Jesus’, often occurs in religious art and in stained glass windows. It serves as a symbol for the sign Constantine supposedly saw before he attacked the Roman army over the throne of Caesar. Constantine is said to have adopted the cross as his insignia after seeing a cross and the legend ‘In Hoc Signo Vinces’ (IHS), meaning ‘in this sign conquer’ in the sky. The initials IHS are traditionally rendered Iesus Hominum Salvator, translated to mean Iesus, salvation of men.

The Babylonian religion also knows Baccus but under the name Tammuz ( Ezek. 8:14). Tammuz and his mother Cimmaramus were worshipped as a mother holding her infant child. He was conceived, supposedly by a visitation from Cimmaramus’ dead husband, making his a spiritual, miraculous birth. In Rome, Tammuz was referred to as Jupiter, the same god Barnabas was thought to be in Acts 14:12, because of the miracle Paul performed in Lystra. This son, Tammuz worshipped in his mother’s arms was looked upon as invested with all the attributes and called by almost all the names of the promised Messiah. As YHWH in the Old Testament was called Adonai, so Tammuz was called Adon or Adonis. Under the Mithras, he was worshipped as the ‘Mediator’. As Mediator and head of the covenant of grace, he was styled Baal-Berith, ‘Lord of the Covenent’. In this character, he is represented in Persian monuments as seated on the rainbow, the well-known symbol of the covenant. In India, under the name Vishnu, the preserver or savior of men. Though a god, he was worshipped as the great ‘victim man’, who before the worlds were, because there was nothing else to offer, offered himself as a sacrafice.

If further proof is necessary, there are a few significant finds. One such notation is a Hebrew and Latin Jonah Version (1668) of the Gospel According to Luke. This book, in the Hebrew section, reveals the Tetragrammaton in its original place instead of the pagan name ‘Jesus’ in chapter 2, verse 21. The Tetragrammaton also appears in its rightful place instead of ‘LORD’ multiple times. In recent years scholars have claimed that Matthews gospel account was at first written in Hebrew. It is contended that Matthew and the early Christians produced this account to become the last book of the canon, of the Hebrew scriprures, as the Greek scriptures had not been completed. There is evidence that various recensions of the Hebrew and Aramaic versions of Matthew’s account persisted for centuries among early Jewish Christian communities of Palastine and Syria. Early writers such as Papias, Justin Martyr, Tatian, Pantaenun, Clement of Alexandria, Pamphilus, Jerome and many others give evidence that they possessed or had access to Hebrew and Aramaic writings of Matthew. Jerome of the fourth century said he personally saw the volume and copied it (which was allowed by the Nazarenes in the Syrian city of Beroea) and that the manuscript was preserved in the library at Caesarea which the martyr Pamphilis diligently collected. He goes on to state that it contained the divine name after the manner of the Hebrew, not the LXX.

Furthermore, in the Jonah version mentioned earlier, the Latin section gives the word ‘Domini’ in the place YHWH originally was and later read ‘LORD’. It is more than interesting to note that ‘Domini’ is from ‘Domino’ meaning ‘to mask’ or ‘to cover up’. The term used as AD (Anno Domini) would read, ‘year of the mask’ instead of ‘year of our Lord’. The phrase seen earlier, ‘Iesu Hominum Salvator’ (IHS) produces a notable find as well. The root word, or prefix, ‘Homo’ from Greek origins means ‘same’ or ‘like’, thus the phrase reads ‘Jesus is like (or the same as) the savior of men’.

These are not just coincidences. Lucifer, who was made in all wisdom, has wanted to be the same as YHWH, wanting the praise of men from the beginning. He has worked very hard through every culture to deceive, if it were possible, the very elect ( Matt. 24:24, Rev. 13:14). It would appear he has done an excellent job, but YHWH said, “My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me,” John 10:27.

Can it be denied? This name, Jesus, is tied into paganism in so many realms it is hard to give any credibility to the possibility of its being authentic! Knowing there is only one name given, and that name is YHWH, you have a decision to make. You can only walk in the light when it has been revealed to you. Great light has come unto you, will you prefer light rather than darkness? The word tells us to “study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.” ( 2 Timithy 2:15). The information is available. “Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you,” ( Matthew 7:7).

References Include:

The American Heritage Dictionary, 1978; The Apocalypse; Babylonian Talmud; Biblical Archaeology Review, Washington D.C; The Book of Our Heritage; Bullingers Concordance to Greek and English New Testament; Catholic Encyclopedia; The Dictionary of Bible and Religions; Encyclopedia Americana; Encyclopedia of Religions; Grolliers Encyclopedia, 1999; The Holman Bible Dictionary; The Interlinear NIV Hebrew-English Old Testament; Journal of Biblical Literature; The Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures, 1969; King James Bible, 1611 & 1614; Latin-Hebrew Gospel of Luke, Jonah version, 1668; Marriam Webster; Mediaeval Tol’doth Jesu; The Memorial Name; The New Testament In English, Wycliffe, 1384 and The Two Babylons.


 Abraham is one of the best-known people of the Bible. He's a key figure in the history of both the Jewish and Arab people. He was the great-grandfather of Judah, whose descendants became known as the Jews, and he was also the father of Ishmael, from whom many of the Arab people are descended. Abraham was a Hebrew, and although the ancestor of both, Abraham himself was neither Jew nor Arab.

From the Scriptural genealogical record comes some of the most well-known terms relating to Israelite people: Semite and Semitic originate from Noah's son Shem, and Hebrew is derived from Eber, the ancestor of Abraham. According to Bible History:

"The Sons Of Noah: Shem, Ham and Japheth...The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram. The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshech. Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah the father of Eber. Two sons were born to Eber: One was named Peleg, because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan. Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan. Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah and Abram (that is, Abraham). The sons of Abraham: Isaac and Ishmael." (1 Chronicles 1:4,17-28)

From two other people come two other very well-known identities: Israelites are the descendants of Isaac's son Jacob, who Elohim renamed Israel, and from Jacob's son Judah come the terms Jew and Jewish.

So how do all of these designations relate to the people involved?

The term Shemite is derived from Noah's son Shem.

The term Hebrew is derived from Shem's descendant Eber. Eber was a Shemite, and the first Hebrew, but not an Israelite or a Jew because neither existed yet.

Abraham was Eber's descendant. Abraham was a Shemite and a Hebrew, but not an Israelite or a Jew because neither existed yet.

Isaac was Abraham's son. Isaac was a Shemite and a Hebrew, but not an Israelite or a Jew because neither existed yet.

Jacob, who Elohim renamed Israel, was Isaac's son. Jacob was a Shemite and a Hebrew, but not a Jew because Jews originated with his son Judah. The first Israelites were the children of Jacob.

Judah was one of Jacob's twelve sons (One of the Tribes of Israel). Judah was a Shemite, a Hebrew, and an Israelite. The first Jews were the children of Judah. The descendants of the other eleven of Jacob's sons were not Jews, but were themselves named accordingly as example; from the Levi came the Levites, from Benjamin came the Benjamites and so on.

All Jews are Israelites, not all Israelites are Jews. All are Hebrews, but only the descendants of Judah are Jews. Many prophecies apply specifically to the Jewish people of today; while other prophecies apply specifically to the descendants of the other so-called "lost" tribes of Israel (Can you see Can this mistake?)


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